Annotation Ticks on the axis

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Annotation Ticks on the axis

vivek
Hi all,

I would like to have help in getting annotation ticks (corresponding to the
minor grid) on my plot. Here is my toy example :


par(mar=c(5, 6, 5, 5) + 0.1)

x<-1:10

y<-x^2

plot(x,y,log="xy",xlab="log(x)",ylab="log(y)")

par(new=T)

plot(log(x),log(y),type='n',col="red",xaxt="n",yaxt="n",xlab="",ylab="")

axis(side=3,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(x))))

mtext("log(x) with log labels",side=3,line=3)

axis(side=4,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(y))))

mtext("log(y) with log labels",side=4,line=3)

par()


I have the following questions :

1. I get a long output after the final par command. How can I make this
output silent?

2. I would like to get ticks corresponding to the command
annotation_logticks in ggplot2. Actually, it would be easiest for me to
work directly with ggplot. But I am not able to implement the secondary
axis option with ggplot. Would appreciate help with that, if it is easier.

Thanks,

Vivek

        [[alternative HTML version deleted]]

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Re: Annotation Ticks on the axis

PIKAL Petr
Hi

see in line

> -----Original Message-----
> From: R-help [mailto:[hidden email]] On Behalf Of Vivek
> Sutradhara
> Sent: Friday, August 11, 2017 11:02 AM
> To: r-help <[hidden email]>
> Subject: [R] Annotation Ticks on the axis
>
> Hi all,
>
> I would like to have help in getting annotation ticks (corresponding to the
> minor grid) on my plot. Here is my toy example :
>
>
> par(mar=c(5, 6, 5, 5) + 0.1)
>
> x<-1:10
>
> y<-x^2
>
> plot(x,y,log="xy",xlab="log(x)",ylab="log(y)")
>
> par(new=T)
>
> plot(log(x),log(y),type='n',col="red",xaxt="n",yaxt="n",xlab="",ylab="")
>
> axis(side=3,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(x))))
>
> mtext("log(x) with log labels",side=3,line=3)
>
> axis(side=4,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(y))))
>
> mtext("log(y) with log labels",side=4,line=3)
>
> par()
>
>
> I have the following questions :
>
> 1. I get a long output after the final par command. How can I make this output
> silent?

pp<-par()

>
> 2. I would like to get ticks corresponding to the command annotation_logticks
> in ggplot2. Actually, it would be easiest for me to work directly with ggplot. But
> I am not able to implement the secondary axis option with ggplot. Would
> appreciate help with that, if it is easier.

http://ggplot2.tidyverse.org/reference/sec_axis.html

Cheers
Petr

>
> Thanks,
>
> Vivek
>
>       [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
> ______________________________________________
> [hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.

________________________________
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- a obsahuje-li nabídku, je adresát oprávněn nabídku bezodkladně přijmout; Odesílatel tohoto e-mailu (nabídky) vylučuje přijetí nabídky ze strany příjemce s dodatkem či odchylkou.
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Re: Annotation Ticks on the axis

vivek
Hi,
Thanks for the quick answer. I looked into the link that you provided. But
I am still not able to implement a solution. Here is my attempt :

library(ggplot2)
x<-1:10
y<-x^2
df<-data.frame(x=x,y=y)
p1<-ggplot(df,aes(x,y))+geom_point()+
  scale_x_log10(
    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x))
  ) +
  scale_y_log10(
    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x))
  ) +theme_bw()
p2<-p1 + annotation_logticks()
p2


p2 + scale_y_continuous(sec.axis = sec_axis(~.))
I get the following error :
Scale for 'y' is already present. Adding another scale for 'y', which will
replace the existing scale.

My questions :
1. How do I change the breaks and labels to correspond to those in my
earlier plot with R graphics? I don't want the 10^x format.
2. When I try with the annotation_logticks('trbl') option in the above
code, I get the error :
Error in base - 1 : non-numeric argument to binary operator
3. I don't see how I can use the secondary axis option. I can see how I can
multiply the y-variable (or x) by a constant ( e.g. by sec_axis(~.*10)).
But I don't see how I can use it with a function. For example, with log or
exp.
4. How can I create extra space in the margins with ggplot? Would the par()
command work here as well?

Would appreciate continued help.
Thanks

2017-08-11 11:49 GMT+02:00 PIKAL Petr <[hidden email]>:

> Hi
>
> see in line
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: R-help [mailto:[hidden email]] On Behalf Of Vivek
> > Sutradhara
> > Sent: Friday, August 11, 2017 11:02 AM
> > To: r-help <[hidden email]>
> > Subject: [R] Annotation Ticks on the axis
> >
> > Hi all,
> >
> > I would like to have help in getting annotation ticks (corresponding to
> the
> > minor grid) on my plot. Here is my toy example :
> >
> >
> > par(mar=c(5, 6, 5, 5) + 0.1)
> >
> > x<-1:10
> >
> > y<-x^2
> >
> > plot(x,y,log="xy",xlab="log(x)",ylab="log(y)")
> >
> > par(new=T)
> >
> > plot(log(x),log(y),type='n',col="red",xaxt="n",yaxt="n",xlab="",ylab="")
> >
> > axis(side=3,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(x))))
> >
> > mtext("log(x) with log labels",side=3,line=3)
> >
> > axis(side=4,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(y))))
> >
> > mtext("log(y) with log labels",side=4,line=3)
> >
> > par()
> >
> >
> > I have the following questions :
> >
> > 1. I get a long output after the final par command. How can I make this
> output
> > silent?
>
> pp<-par()
>
> >
> > 2. I would like to get ticks corresponding to the command
> annotation_logticks
> > in ggplot2. Actually, it would be easiest for me to work directly with
> ggplot. But
> > I am not able to implement the secondary axis option with ggplot. Would
> > appreciate help with that, if it is easier.
>
> http://ggplot2.tidyverse.org/reference/sec_axis.html
>
> Cheers
> Petr
>
> >
> > Thanks,
> >
> > Vivek
> >
> >       [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
> >
> > ______________________________________________
> > [hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> > PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/
> posting-guide.html
> > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>
> ________________________________
> Tento e-mail a jakékoliv k němu připojené dokumenty jsou důvěrné a jsou
> určeny pouze jeho adresátům.
> Jestliže jste obdržel(a) tento e-mail omylem, informujte laskavě
> neprodleně jeho odesílatele. Obsah tohoto emailu i s přílohami a jeho kopie
> vymažte ze svého systému.
> Nejste-li zamýšleným adresátem tohoto emailu, nejste oprávněni tento email
> jakkoliv užívat, rozšiřovat, kopírovat či zveřejňovat.
> Odesílatel e-mailu neodpovídá za eventuální škodu způsobenou modifikacemi
> či zpožděním přenosu e-mailu.
>
> V případě, že je tento e-mail součástí obchodního jednání:
> - vyhrazuje si odesílatel právo ukončit kdykoliv jednání o uzavření
> smlouvy, a to z jakéhokoliv důvodu i bez uvedení důvodu.
> - a obsahuje-li nabídku, je adresát oprávněn nabídku bezodkladně přijmout;
> Odesílatel tohoto e-mailu (nabídky) vylučuje přijetí nabídky ze strany
> příjemce s dodatkem či odchylkou.
> - trvá odesílatel na tom, že příslušná smlouva je uzavřena teprve
> výslovným dosažením shody na všech jejích náležitostech.
> - odesílatel tohoto emailu informuje, že není oprávněn uzavírat za
> společnost žádné smlouvy s výjimkou případů, kdy k tomu byl písemně zmocněn
> nebo písemně pověřen a takové pověření nebo plná moc byly adresátovi tohoto
> emailu případně osobě, kterou adresát zastupuje, předloženy nebo jejich
> existence je adresátovi či osobě jím zastoupené známá.
>
> This e-mail and any documents attached to it may be confidential and are
> intended only for its intended recipients.
> If you received this e-mail by mistake, please immediately inform its
> sender. Delete the contents of this e-mail with all attachments and its
> copies from your system.
> If you are not the intended recipient of this e-mail, you are not
> authorized to use, disseminate, copy or disclose this e-mail in any manner.
> The sender of this e-mail shall not be liable for any possible damage
> caused by modifications of the e-mail or by delay with transfer of the
> email.
>
> In case that this e-mail forms part of business dealings:
> - the sender reserves the right to end negotiations about entering into a
> contract in any time, for any reason, and without stating any reasoning.
> - if the e-mail contains an offer, the recipient is entitled to
> immediately accept such offer; The sender of this e-mail (offer) excludes
> any acceptance of the offer on the part of the recipient containing any
> amendment or variation.
> - the sender insists on that the respective contract is concluded only
> upon an express mutual agreement on all its aspects.
> - the sender of this e-mail informs that he/she is not authorized to enter
> into any contracts on behalf of the company except for cases in which
> he/she is expressly authorized to do so in writing, and such authorization
> or power of attorney is submitted to the recipient or the person
> represented by the recipient, or the existence of such authorization is
> known to the recipient of the person represented by the recipient.
>

        [[alternative HTML version deleted]]

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Re: Annotation Ticks on the axis

David Winsemius

> On Aug 11, 2017, at 3:23 AM, Vivek Sutradhara <[hidden email]> wrote:
>
> Hi,
> Thanks for the quick answer. I looked into the link that you provided. But
> I am still not able to implement a solution. Here is my attempt :
>
> library(ggplot2)
> x<-1:10
> y<-x^2
> df<-data.frame(x=x,y=y)
> p1<-ggplot(df,aes(x,y))+geom_point()+
>  scale_x_log10(
>    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
>    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x))
>  ) +
>  scale_y_log10(
>    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
>    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x))
>  ) +theme_bw()
> p2<-p1 + annotation_logticks()
> p2
>
>
> p2 + scale_y_continuous(sec.axis = sec_axis(~.))
> I get the following error :
> Scale for 'y' is already present. Adding another scale for 'y', which will
> replace the existing scale.
>
StackOverflow question with extensive commentary:

Plot with 2 y axes, one y axis on the left, and another y axis on the right
https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3099219/plot-with-2-y-axes-one-y-axis-on-the-left-and-another-y-axis-on-the-right

David.

> My questions :
> 1. How do I change the breaks and labels to correspond to those in my
> earlier plot with R graphics? I don't want the 10^x format.
> 2. When I try with the annotation_logticks('trbl') option in the above
> code, I get the error :
> Error in base - 1 : non-numeric argument to binary operator
> 3. I don't see how I can use the secondary axis option. I can see how I can
> multiply the y-variable (or x) by a constant ( e.g. by sec_axis(~.*10)).
> But I don't see how I can use it with a function. For example, with log or
> exp.
> 4. How can I create extra space in the margins with ggplot? Would the par()
> command work here as well?
>
> Would appreciate continued help.
> Thanks
>
> 2017-08-11 11:49 GMT+02:00 PIKAL Petr <[hidden email]>:
>
>> Hi
>>
>> see in line
>>> -----Original Message-----
>>> From: R-help [mailto:[hidden email]] On Behalf Of Vivek
>>> Sutradhara
>>> Sent: Friday, August 11, 2017 11:02 AM
>>> To: r-help <[hidden email]>
>>> Subject: [R] Annotation Ticks on the axis
>>>
>>> Hi all,
>>>
>>> I would like to have help in getting annotation ticks (corresponding to
>> the
>>> minor grid) on my plot. Here is my toy example :
>>>
>>>
>>> par(mar=c(5, 6, 5, 5) + 0.1)
>>>
>>> x<-1:10
>>>
>>> y<-x^2
>>>
>>> plot(x,y,log="xy",xlab="log(x)",ylab="log(y)")
>>>
>>> par(new=T)
>>>
>>> plot(log(x),log(y),type='n',col="red",xaxt="n",yaxt="n",xlab="",ylab="")
>>>
>>> axis(side=3,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(x))))
>>>
>>> mtext("log(x) with log labels",side=3,line=3)
>>>
>>> axis(side=4,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(y))))
>>>
>>> mtext("log(y) with log labels",side=4,line=3)
>>>
>>> par()
>>>
>>>
>>> I have the following questions :
>>>
>>> 1. I get a long output after the final par command. How can I make this
>> output
>>> silent?
>>
>> pp<-par()
>>
>>>
>>> 2. I would like to get ticks corresponding to the command
>> annotation_logticks
>>> in ggplot2. Actually, it would be easiest for me to work directly with
>> ggplot. But
>>> I am not able to implement the secondary axis option with ggplot. Would
>>> appreciate help with that, if it is easier.
>>
>> http://ggplot2.tidyverse.org/reference/sec_axis.html
>>
>> Cheers
>> Petr
>>
>>>
>>> Thanks,
>>>
>>> Vivek
>>>
>>>      [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>>>
>>> ______________________________________________
>>> [hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>>> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/
>> posting-guide.html
>>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>>
>> ________________________________
>> Tento e-mail a jakékoliv k němu připojené dokumenty jsou důvěrné a jsou
>> určeny pouze jeho adresátům.
>> Jestliže jste obdržel(a) tento e-mail omylem, informujte laskavě
>> neprodleně jeho odesílatele. Obsah tohoto emailu i s přílohami a jeho kopie
>> vymažte ze svého systému.
>> Nejste-li zamýšleným adresátem tohoto emailu, nejste oprávněni tento email
>> jakkoliv užívat, rozšiřovat, kopírovat či zveřejňovat.
>> Odesílatel e-mailu neodpovídá za eventuální škodu způsobenou modifikacemi
>> či zpožděním přenosu e-mailu.
>>
>> V případě, že je tento e-mail součástí obchodního jednání:
>> - vyhrazuje si odesílatel právo ukončit kdykoliv jednání o uzavření
>> smlouvy, a to z jakéhokoliv důvodu i bez uvedení důvodu.
>> - a obsahuje-li nabídku, je adresát oprávněn nabídku bezodkladně přijmout;
>> Odesílatel tohoto e-mailu (nabídky) vylučuje přijetí nabídky ze strany
>> příjemce s dodatkem či odchylkou.
>> - trvá odesílatel na tom, že příslušná smlouva je uzavřena teprve
>> výslovným dosažením shody na všech jejích náležitostech.
>> - odesílatel tohoto emailu informuje, že není oprávněn uzavírat za
>> společnost žádné smlouvy s výjimkou případů, kdy k tomu byl písemně zmocněn
>> nebo písemně pověřen a takové pověření nebo plná moc byly adresátovi tohoto
>> emailu případně osobě, kterou adresát zastupuje, předloženy nebo jejich
>> existence je adresátovi či osobě jím zastoupené známá.
>>
>> This e-mail and any documents attached to it may be confidential and are
>> intended only for its intended recipients.
>> If you received this e-mail by mistake, please immediately inform its
>> sender. Delete the contents of this e-mail with all attachments and its
>> copies from your system.
>> If you are not the intended recipient of this e-mail, you are not
>> authorized to use, disseminate, copy or disclose this e-mail in any manner.
>> The sender of this e-mail shall not be liable for any possible damage
>> caused by modifications of the e-mail or by delay with transfer of the
>> email.
>>
>> In case that this e-mail forms part of business dealings:
>> - the sender reserves the right to end negotiations about entering into a
>> contract in any time, for any reason, and without stating any reasoning.
>> - if the e-mail contains an offer, the recipient is entitled to
>> immediately accept such offer; The sender of this e-mail (offer) excludes
>> any acceptance of the offer on the part of the recipient containing any
>> amendment or variation.
>> - the sender insists on that the respective contract is concluded only
>> upon an express mutual agreement on all its aspects.
>> - the sender of this e-mail informs that he/she is not authorized to enter
>> into any contracts on behalf of the company except for cases in which
>> he/she is expressly authorized to do so in writing, and such authorization
>> or power of attorney is submitted to the recipient or the person
>> represented by the recipient, or the existence of such authorization is
>> known to the recipient of the person represented by the recipient.
>>
>
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
> ______________________________________________
> [hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.

David Winsemius
Alameda, CA, USA

'Any technology distinguishable from magic is insufficiently advanced.'   -Gehm's Corollary to Clarke's Third Law

______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
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Re: Annotation Ticks on the axis

PIKAL Petr
Hi

Yes that is exactly from where I found sec_axis  example.

ggplot(mpg, aes(displ, hwy)) +
  geom_point() +
  scale_y_continuous(
    "mpg (US)",
    sec.axis = sec_axis(~ . * 1.20, name = "mpg (UK)")
  )

which works if used as intended

p1<-ggplot(df,aes(x,y))+geom_point()+
 scale_x_log10(
    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x))
  ) +
  scale_y_log10(
    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x)),
    sec.axis = sec_axis(~./500)
  ) +theme_bw()
p2<-p1 + annotation_logticks()
p2

Cheers
Petr


> -----Original Message-----
> From: David Winsemius [mailto:[hidden email]]
> Sent: Friday, August 11, 2017 7:46 PM
> To: Vivek Sutradhara <[hidden email]>
> Cc: PIKAL Petr <[hidden email]>; r-help <[hidden email]>
> Subject: Re: [R] Annotation Ticks on the axis
>
>
> > On Aug 11, 2017, at 3:23 AM, Vivek Sutradhara <[hidden email]>
> wrote:
> >
> > Hi,
> > Thanks for the quick answer. I looked into the link that you provided.
> > But I am still not able to implement a solution. Here is my attempt :
> >
> > library(ggplot2)
> > x<-1:10
> > y<-x^2
> > df<-data.frame(x=x,y=y)
> > p1<-ggplot(df,aes(x,y))+geom_point()+
> >  scale_x_log10(
> >    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
> >    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x))
> >  ) +
> >  scale_y_log10(
> >    breaks = scales::trans_breaks("log10", function(x) 10^x),
> >    labels = scales::trans_format("log10", scales::math_format(10^.x))
> >  ) +theme_bw()
> > p2<-p1 + annotation_logticks()
> > p2
> >
> >
> > p2 + scale_y_continuous(sec.axis = sec_axis(~.)) I get the following
> > error :
> > Scale for 'y' is already present. Adding another scale for 'y', which
> > will replace the existing scale.
> >
> StackOverflow question with extensive commentary:
>
> Plot with 2 y axes, one y axis on the left, and another y axis on the right
> https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3099219/plot-with-2-y-axes-one-y-axis-
> on-the-left-and-another-y-axis-on-the-right
>
> David.
>
> > My questions :
> > 1. How do I change the breaks and labels to correspond to those in my
> > earlier plot with R graphics? I don't want the 10^x format.
> > 2. When I try with the annotation_logticks('trbl') option in the above
> > code, I get the error :
> > Error in base - 1 : non-numeric argument to binary operator 3. I don't
> > see how I can use the secondary axis option. I can see how I can
> > multiply the y-variable (or x) by a constant ( e.g. by sec_axis(~.*10)).
> > But I don't see how I can use it with a function. For example, with
> > log or exp.
> > 4. How can I create extra space in the margins with ggplot? Would the
> > par() command work here as well?
> >
> > Would appreciate continued help.
> > Thanks
> >
> > 2017-08-11 11:49 GMT+02:00 PIKAL Petr <[hidden email]>:
> >
> >> Hi
> >>
> >> see in line
> >>> -----Original Message-----
> >>> From: R-help [mailto:[hidden email]] On Behalf Of
> >>> Vivek Sutradhara
> >>> Sent: Friday, August 11, 2017 11:02 AM
> >>> To: r-help <[hidden email]>
> >>> Subject: [R] Annotation Ticks on the axis
> >>>
> >>> Hi all,
> >>>
> >>> I would like to have help in getting annotation ticks (corresponding
> >>> to
> >> the
> >>> minor grid) on my plot. Here is my toy example :
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> par(mar=c(5, 6, 5, 5) + 0.1)
> >>>
> >>> x<-1:10
> >>>
> >>> y<-x^2
> >>>
> >>> plot(x,y,log="xy",xlab="log(x)",ylab="log(y)")
> >>>
> >>> par(new=T)
> >>>
> >>> plot(log(x),log(y),type='n',col="red",xaxt="n",yaxt="n",xlab="",ylab
> >>> ="")
> >>>
> >>> axis(side=3,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(x))))
> >>>
> >>> mtext("log(x) with log labels",side=3,line=3)
> >>>
> >>> axis(side=4,tick=TRUE,at=pretty(range(log(y))))
> >>>
> >>> mtext("log(y) with log labels",side=4,line=3)
> >>>
> >>> par()
> >>>
> >>>
> >>> I have the following questions :
> >>>
> >>> 1. I get a long output after the final par command. How can I make
> >>> this
> >> output
> >>> silent?
> >>
> >> pp<-par()
> >>
> >>>
> >>> 2. I would like to get ticks corresponding to the command
> >> annotation_logticks
> >>> in ggplot2. Actually, it would be easiest for me to work directly
> >>> with
> >> ggplot. But
> >>> I am not able to implement the secondary axis option with ggplot.
> >>> Would appreciate help with that, if it is easier.
> >>
> >> http://ggplot2.tidyverse.org/reference/sec_axis.html
> >>
> >> Cheers
> >> Petr
> >>
> >>>
> >>> Thanks,
> >>>
> >>> Vivek
> >>>
> >>>      [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
> >>>
> >>> ______________________________________________
> >>> [hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> >>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >>> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/
> >> posting-guide.html
> >>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
> >>
> >> ________________________________
> >> Tento e-mail a jakékoliv k němu připojené dokumenty jsou důvěrné a
> >> jsou určeny pouze jeho adresátům.
> >> Jestliže jste obdržel(a) tento e-mail omylem, informujte laskavě
> >> neprodleně jeho odesílatele. Obsah tohoto emailu i s přílohami a jeho
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> >> Nejste-li zamýšleným adresátem tohoto emailu, nejste oprávněni tento
> >> email jakkoliv užívat, rozšiřovat, kopírovat či zveřejňovat.
> >> Odesílatel e-mailu neodpovídá za eventuální škodu způsobenou
> >> modifikacemi či zpožděním přenosu e-mailu.
> >>
> >> V případě, že je tento e-mail součástí obchodního jednání:
> >> - vyhrazuje si odesílatel právo ukončit kdykoliv jednání o uzavření
> >> smlouvy, a to z jakéhokoliv důvodu i bez uvedení důvodu.
> >> - a obsahuje-li nabídku, je adresát oprávněn nabídku bezodkladně
> >> přijmout; Odesílatel tohoto e-mailu (nabídky) vylučuje přijetí
> >> nabídky ze strany příjemce s dodatkem či odchylkou.
> >> - trvá odesílatel na tom, že příslušná smlouva je uzavřena teprve
> >> výslovným dosažením shody na všech jejích náležitostech.
> >> - odesílatel tohoto emailu informuje, že není oprávněn uzavírat za
> >> společnost žádné smlouvy s výjimkou případů, kdy k tomu byl písemně
> >> zmocněn nebo písemně pověřen a takové pověření nebo plná moc byly
> >> adresátovi tohoto emailu případně osobě, kterou adresát zastupuje,
> >> předloženy nebo jejich existence je adresátovi či osobě jím zastoupené
> známá.
> >>
> >> This e-mail and any documents attached to it may be confidential and
> >> are intended only for its intended recipients.
> >> If you received this e-mail by mistake, please immediately inform its
> >> sender. Delete the contents of this e-mail with all attachments and
> >> its copies from your system.
> >> If you are not the intended recipient of this e-mail, you are not
> >> authorized to use, disseminate, copy or disclose this e-mail in any manner.
> >> The sender of this e-mail shall not be liable for any possible damage
> >> caused by modifications of the e-mail or by delay with transfer of
> >> the email.
> >>
> >> In case that this e-mail forms part of business dealings:
> >> - the sender reserves the right to end negotiations about entering
> >> into a contract in any time, for any reason, and without stating any
> reasoning.
> >> - if the e-mail contains an offer, the recipient is entitled to
> >> immediately accept such offer; The sender of this e-mail (offer)
> >> excludes any acceptance of the offer on the part of the recipient
> >> containing any amendment or variation.
> >> - the sender insists on that the respective contract is concluded
> >> only upon an express mutual agreement on all its aspects.
> >> - the sender of this e-mail informs that he/she is not authorized to
> >> enter into any contracts on behalf of the company except for cases in
> >> which he/she is expressly authorized to do so in writing, and such
> >> authorization or power of attorney is submitted to the recipient or
> >> the person represented by the recipient, or the existence of such
> >> authorization is known to the recipient of the person represented by the
> recipient.
> >>
> >
> >     [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
> >
> > ______________________________________________
> > [hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> > PLEASE do read the posting guide
> > http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>
> David Winsemius
> Alameda, CA, USA
>
> 'Any technology distinguishable from magic is insufficiently advanced.'   -
> Gehm's Corollary to Clarke's Third Law
>
>
>
>


________________________________
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V případě, že je tento e-mail součástí obchodního jednání:
- vyhrazuje si odesílatel právo ukončit kdykoliv jednání o uzavření smlouvy, a to z jakéhokoliv důvodu i bez uvedení důvodu.
- a obsahuje-li nabídku, je adresát oprávněn nabídku bezodkladně přijmout; Odesílatel tohoto e-mailu (nabídky) vylučuje přijetí nabídky ze strany příjemce s dodatkem či odchylkou.
- trvá odesílatel na tom, že příslušná smlouva je uzavřena teprve výslovným dosažením shody na všech jejích náležitostech.
- odesílatel tohoto emailu informuje, že není oprávněn uzavírat za společnost žádné smlouvy s výjimkou případů, kdy k tomu byl písemně zmocněn nebo písemně pověřen a takové pověření nebo plná moc byly adresátovi tohoto emailu případně osobě, kterou adresát zastupuje, předloženy nebo jejich existence je adresátovi či osobě jím zastoupené známá.

This e-mail and any documents attached to it may be confidential and are intended only for its intended recipients.
If you received this e-mail by mistake, please immediately inform its sender. Delete the contents of this e-mail with all attachments and its copies from your system.
If you are not the intended recipient of this e-mail, you are not authorized to use, disseminate, copy or disclose this e-mail in any manner.
The sender of this e-mail shall not be liable for any possible damage caused by modifications of the e-mail or by delay with transfer of the email.

In case that this e-mail forms part of business dealings:
- the sender reserves the right to end negotiations about entering into a contract in any time, for any reason, and without stating any reasoning.
- if the e-mail contains an offer, the recipient is entitled to immediately accept such offer; The sender of this e-mail (offer) excludes any acceptance of the offer on the part of the recipient containing any amendment or variation.
- the sender insists on that the respective contract is concluded only upon an express mutual agreement on all its aspects.
- the sender of this e-mail informs that he/she is not authorized to enter into any contracts on behalf of the company except for cases in which he/she is expressly authorized to do so in writing, and such authorization or power of attorney is submitted to the recipient or the person represented by the recipient, or the existence of such authorization is known to the recipient of the person represented by the recipient.
______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
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