Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares
expression that looks something like y ~ a+b*min(c,x) where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. sincerely, /iaw ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: > Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares > expression that looks something like > > y ~ a+b*min(c,x) > > where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min > function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. ?pmin > > sincerely, > > /iaw > > ______________________________________________ > [hidden email] mailing list > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help > PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. David Winsemius, MD West Hartford, CT ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
thank you, david. indeed. works great (almost). an example for
anyone else googling this in the future: > x=1:20 > y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) > r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) 0.002142 : 2 3 10 0.002115 : 2.004 3.000 10.000 0.002114 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 0.002084 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 ... 0.002079 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), : step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 strange error, but unrelated to my question. will figure this one out next. regards, /iaw On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:40 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> wrote: > > On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: > >> Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares >> expression that looks something like >> >> y ~ a+b*min(c,x) >> >> where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min >> function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. > > ?pmin > >> >> sincerely, >> >> /iaw >> >> ______________________________________________ >> [hidden email] mailing list >> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help >> PLEASE do read the posting guide >> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html >> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. > > David Winsemius, MD > West Hartford, CT > > ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
You need to use set.seed first so that your example is reproducible.
Using set.seed(1) there is no error: > set.seed(1) > x=1:20 > y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) > r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) 0.001657260 : 2 3 10 0.00153709 : 1.998312 3.000547 9.999568 0.001509616 : 1.996222 3.001117 9.998197 0.001509616 : 1.996222 3.001117 9.998197 > r1 Nonlinear regression model model: y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x) data: parent.frame() a b c 1.996 3.001 9.998 residual sum-of-squares: 0.001510 Number of iterations to convergence: 3 Achieved convergence tolerance: 3.195e-09 On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:52 PM, ivo welch <[hidden email]> wrote: > thank you, david. indeed. works great (almost). an example for > anyone else googling this in the future: > >> x=1:20 >> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) > 0.002142 : 2 3 10 > 0.002115 : 2.004 3.000 10.000 > 0.002114 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 > 0.002084 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > ... > 0.002079 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), : > step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 > > strange error, but unrelated to my question. will figure this one out next. > > regards, > > /iaw > > > On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:40 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> wrote: >> >> On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: >> >>> Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares >>> expression that looks something like >>> >>> y ~ a+b*min(c,x) >>> >>> where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min >>> function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. >> >> ?pmin >> >>> >>> sincerely, >>> >>> /iaw >>> >>> ______________________________________________ >>> [hidden email] mailing list >>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help >>> PLEASE do read the posting guide >>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html >>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. >> >> David Winsemius, MD >> West Hartford, CT >> >> > > ______________________________________________ > [hidden email] mailing list > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help > PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. > ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
In reply to this post by ivo welch
On May 4, 2010, at 3:52 PM, ivo welch wrote: > thank you, david. indeed. works great (almost). an example for > anyone else googling this in the future: > >> x=1:20 >> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) > 0.002142 : 2 3 10 > 0.002115 : 2.004 3.000 10.000 > 0.002114 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 > 0.002084 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > ... > 0.002079 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = > 10), : > step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 > > strange error, but unrelated to my question. will figure this one > out next. I get no error. May be difficult to sort out unless you can reproduce after setting a random seed. > x=1:20 > y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) > r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) 0.001560045 : 2 3 10 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 -- David. > > regards, > > /iaw > > > On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:40 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email] > > wrote: >> >> On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: >> >>> Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares >>> expression that looks something like >>> >>> y ~ a+b*min(c,x) >>> >>> where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min >>> function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. >> >> ?pmin >> >>> >>> sincerely, >>> >>> /iaw >>> >>> ______________________________________________ >>> [hidden email] mailing list >>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help >>> PLEASE do read the posting guide >>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html >>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. >> >> David Winsemius, MD >> West Hartford, CT >> >> David Winsemius, MD West Hartford, CT ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
thank you, david and gabor. very much appreciated. I should have
thought of setting the seed. this was only an example, of course. alas, such intermittent errors could still be of concern to me, because I need to simulate this nls() to find out its properties under the NULL, so I can't easily tolerate errors. fortunately, I had the window still open, so getting my y's out was easy, and the rounded figures produce the same nls error. > cbind(x,round(y,3)) x y [1,] 1 5.017 [2,] 2 7.993 [3,] 3 11.014 [4,] 4 13.998 [5,] 5 17.003 [6,] 6 19.977 [7,] 7 23.011 [8,] 8 25.991 [9,] 9 29.003 [10,] 10 32.014 [11,] 11 31.995 [12,] 12 32.004 [13,] 13 32.012 [14,] 14 31.994 [15,] 15 31.998 [16,] 16 32.000 [17,] 17 32.009 [18,] 18 31.995 [19,] 19 32.000 [20,] 20 31.982 > r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) 0.002138 : 2 3 10 0.002117 : 2.004 3.000 9.999 0.002113 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 0.002082 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), : step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 I really don't care about this example, of course---only about learning how to avoid nls() from dying on me. so, any advice would be appreciated. regards, /iaw ---- Ivo Welch ([hidden email], [hidden email]) On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:59 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> wrote: > > On May 4, 2010, at 3:52 PM, ivo welch wrote: > >> thank you, david. indeed. works great (almost). an example for >> anyone else googling this in the future: >> >>> x=1:20 >>> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >> >> 0.002142 : 2 3 10 >> 0.002115 : 2.004 3.000 10.000 >> 0.002114 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 >> 0.002084 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >> ... >> 0.002079 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >> Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), >> : >> step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 >> >> strange error, but unrelated to my question. will figure this one out >> next. > > I get no error. May be difficult to sort out unless you can reproduce after > setting a random seed. > >> x=1:20 >> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) > 0.001560045 : 2 3 10 > 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 > 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 > > -- > David. > >> >> regards, >> >> /iaw >> >> >> On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:40 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> >> wrote: >>> >>> On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: >>> >>>> Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares >>>> expression that looks something like >>>> >>>> y ~ a+b*min(c,x) >>>> >>>> where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min >>>> function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. >>> >>> ?pmin >>> >>>> >>>> sincerely, >>>> >>>> /iaw >>>> >>>> ______________________________________________ >>>> [hidden email] mailing list >>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help >>>> PLEASE do read the posting guide >>>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html >>>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. >>> >>> David Winsemius, MD >>> West Hartford, CT >>> >>> > > David Winsemius, MD > West Hartford, CT > > ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
On May 4, 2010, at 5:25 PM, ivo welch wrote: > thank you, david and gabor. very much appreciated. I should have > thought of setting the seed. this was only an example, of course. > alas, such intermittent errors could still be of concern to me, > because I need to simulate this nls() to find out its properties under > the NULL, so I can't easily tolerate errors. fortunately, I had the > window still open, so getting my y's out was easy, and the rounded > figures produce the same nls error. There would of course be try() But ... Again, No error on my device: > xy <- scan() 1: 1 5.017 3: 2 7.993 5: 3 11.014 7: 4 13.998 9: 5 17.003 11: 6 19.977 13: 7 23.011 15: 8 25.991 17: 9 29.003 19: 10 32.014 21: 11 31.995 23: 12 32.004 25: 13 32.012 27: 14 31.994 29: 15 31.998 31: 16 32.000 33: 17 32.009 35: 18 31.995 37: 19 32.000 39: 20 31.982 41: Read 40 items > xym <-matrix(xy, ncol=2, byrow=TRUE) > colnames(xym)<-c("x","y") > r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) 0.001505770 : 2 3 10 0.001361737 : 2.003063 2.999924 10.000135 Plotting predict(r1) confirmed a very close fit. > sessionInfo() R version 2.10.1 RC (2009-12-09 r50695) x86_64-apple-darwin9.8.0 locale: [1] en_US.UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8/C/C/en_US.UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8 attached base packages: [1] stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base other attached packages: [1] misc3d_0.7-0 rgl_0.91 spatstat_1.18-3 deldir_0.0-12 [5] mgcv_1.6-1 ks_1.6.12 mvtnorm_0.9-9 KernSmooth_2.23-3 [9] lattice_0.18-3 loaded via a namespace (and not attached): [1] grid_2.10.1 Matrix_0.999375-38 nlme_3.1-96 tools_2.10.1 > >> cbind(x,round(y,3)) > x y > [1,] 1 5.017 > [2,] 2 7.993 > [3,] 3 11.014 > [4,] 4 13.998 > [5,] 5 17.003 > [6,] 6 19.977 > [7,] 7 23.011 > [8,] 8 25.991 > [9,] 9 29.003 > [10,] 10 32.014 > [11,] 11 31.995 > [12,] 12 32.004 > [13,] 13 32.012 > [14,] 14 31.994 > [15,] 15 31.998 > [16,] 16 32.000 > [17,] 17 32.009 > [18,] 18 31.995 > [19,] 19 32.000 > [20,] 20 31.982 > >> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) > 0.002138 : 2 3 10 > 0.002117 : 2.004 3.000 9.999 > 0.002113 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 > 0.002082 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = > 10), : > step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 > > I really don't care about this example, of course---only about > learning how to avoid nls() from dying on me. so, any advice would be > appreciated. > > regards, > > /iaw > > > > ---- > Ivo Welch ([hidden email], [hidden email]) > > > > On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:59 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email] > > wrote: >> >> On May 4, 2010, at 3:52 PM, ivo welch wrote: >> >>> thank you, david. indeed. works great (almost). an example for >>> anyone else googling this in the future: >>> >>>> x=1:20 >>>> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >>>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >>> >>> 0.002142 : 2 3 10 >>> 0.002115 : 2.004 3.000 10.000 >>> 0.002114 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 >>> 0.002084 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >>> ... >>> 0.002079 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >>> Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c >>> = 10), >>> : >>> step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 >>> >>> strange error, but unrelated to my question. will figure this one >>> out >>> next. >> >> I get no error. May be difficult to sort out unless you can >> reproduce after >> setting a random seed. >> >>> x=1:20 >>> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >> 0.001560045 : 2 3 10 >> 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 >> 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 >> >> -- >> David. >> >>> >>> regards, >>> >>> /iaw >>> >>> >>> On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:40 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email] >>> > >>> wrote: >>>> >>>> On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: >>>> >>>>> Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least >>>>> squares >>>>> expression that looks something like >>>>> >>>>> y ~ a+b*min(c,x) >>>>> >>>>> where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min >>>>> function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. >>>> >>>> ?pmin >>>> >>>>> >>>>> sincerely, >>>>> >>>>> /iaw >> >> David Winsemius, MD West Hartford, CT ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
In reply to this post by ivo welch
For fixed c, y is linear in pmin(c, x) so the first two statements
find c and the next solves the remaining linear problem f <- function(c) sum((y - fitted(lm(y ~ pmin(c, x))))^2) fit.c <- optimize(f, c(0, max(DF$x))); fit.c lm(y ~ pmin(fit.c$minimum, x)) as a function of c On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 5:25 PM, ivo welch <[hidden email]> wrote: > thank you, david and gabor. very much appreciated. I should have > thought of setting the seed. this was only an example, of course. > alas, such intermittent errors could still be of concern to me, > because I need to simulate this nls() to find out its properties under > the NULL, so I can't easily tolerate errors. fortunately, I had the > window still open, so getting my y's out was easy, and the rounded > figures produce the same nls error. > >> cbind(x,round(y,3)) > x y > [1,] 1 5.017 > [2,] 2 7.993 > [3,] 3 11.014 > [4,] 4 13.998 > [5,] 5 17.003 > [6,] 6 19.977 > [7,] 7 23.011 > [8,] 8 25.991 > [9,] 9 29.003 > [10,] 10 32.014 > [11,] 11 31.995 > [12,] 12 32.004 > [13,] 13 32.012 > [14,] 14 31.994 > [15,] 15 31.998 > [16,] 16 32.000 > [17,] 17 32.009 > [18,] 18 31.995 > [19,] 19 32.000 > [20,] 20 31.982 > >> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) > 0.002138 : 2 3 10 > 0.002117 : 2.004 3.000 9.999 > 0.002113 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 > 0.002082 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 > Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), : > step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 > > I really don't care about this example, of course---only about > learning how to avoid nls() from dying on me. so, any advice would be > appreciated. > > regards, > > /iaw > > > > ---- > Ivo Welch ([hidden email], [hidden email]) > > > > On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:59 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> wrote: >> >> On May 4, 2010, at 3:52 PM, ivo welch wrote: >> >>> thank you, david. indeed. works great (almost). an example for >>> anyone else googling this in the future: >>> >>>> x=1:20 >>>> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >>>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >>> >>> 0.002142 : 2 3 10 >>> 0.002115 : 2.004 3.000 10.000 >>> 0.002114 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 >>> 0.002084 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >>> ... >>> 0.002079 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >>> Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), >>> : >>> step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 >>> >>> strange error, but unrelated to my question. will figure this one out >>> next. >> >> I get no error. May be difficult to sort out unless you can reproduce after >> setting a random seed. >> >>> x=1:20 >>> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >> 0.001560045 : 2 3 10 >> 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 >> 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 >> >> -- >> David. >> >>> >>> regards, >>> >>> /iaw >>> >>> >>> On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:40 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> >>> wrote: >>>> >>>> On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: >>>> >>>>> Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares >>>>> expression that looks something like >>>>> >>>>> y ~ a+b*min(c,x) >>>>> >>>>> where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min >>>>> function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. >>>> >>>> ?pmin >>>> >>>>> >>>>> sincerely, >>>>> >>>>> /iaw >>>>> >>>>> ______________________________________________ >>>>> [hidden email] mailing list >>>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help >>>>> PLEASE do read the posting guide >>>>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html >>>>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. >>>> >>>> David Winsemius, MD >>>> West Hartford, CT >>>> >>>> >> >> David Winsemius, MD >> West Hartford, CT >> >> > > ______________________________________________ > [hidden email] mailing list > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help > PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. > ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 7:39 PM, Gabor Grothendieck
<[hidden email]> wrote: > For fixed c, y is linear in pmin(c, x) so the first two statements > find c and the next solves the remaining linear problem > Here is a slightly shorter f: f <- function(c) sum(resid(lm(y ~ pmin(c, x)))^2) > f <- function(c) sum((y - fitted(lm(y ~ pmin(c, x))))^2) > fit.c <- optimize(f, c(0, max(DF$x))); fit.c > > lm(y ~ pmin(fit.c$minimum, x)) > > > as a function of c > > On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 5:25 PM, ivo welch <[hidden email]> wrote: >> thank you, david and gabor. very much appreciated. I should have >> thought of setting the seed. this was only an example, of course. >> alas, such intermittent errors could still be of concern to me, >> because I need to simulate this nls() to find out its properties under >> the NULL, so I can't easily tolerate errors. fortunately, I had the >> window still open, so getting my y's out was easy, and the rounded >> figures produce the same nls error. >> >>> cbind(x,round(y,3)) >> x y >> [1,] 1 5.017 >> [2,] 2 7.993 >> [3,] 3 11.014 >> [4,] 4 13.998 >> [5,] 5 17.003 >> [6,] 6 19.977 >> [7,] 7 23.011 >> [8,] 8 25.991 >> [9,] 9 29.003 >> [10,] 10 32.014 >> [11,] 11 31.995 >> [12,] 12 32.004 >> [13,] 13 32.012 >> [14,] 14 31.994 >> [15,] 15 31.998 >> [16,] 16 32.000 >> [17,] 17 32.009 >> [18,] 18 31.995 >> [19,] 19 32.000 >> [20,] 20 31.982 >> >>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >> 0.002138 : 2 3 10 >> 0.002117 : 2.004 3.000 9.999 >> 0.002113 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 >> 0.002082 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >> 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >> 0.002077 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >> Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), : >> step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 >> >> I really don't care about this example, of course---only about >> learning how to avoid nls() from dying on me. so, any advice would be >> appreciated. >> >> regards, >> >> /iaw >> >> >> >> ---- >> Ivo Welch ([hidden email], [hidden email]) >> >> >> >> On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:59 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> wrote: >>> >>> On May 4, 2010, at 3:52 PM, ivo welch wrote: >>> >>>> thank you, david. indeed. works great (almost). an example for >>>> anyone else googling this in the future: >>>> >>>>> x=1:20 >>>>> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >>>>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >>>> >>>> 0.002142 : 2 3 10 >>>> 0.002115 : 2.004 3.000 10.000 >>>> 0.002114 : 2.006 2.999 10.001 >>>> 0.002084 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >>>> ... >>>> 0.002079 : 2.005 2.999 10.000 >>>> Error in nls(y ~ a + b * pmin(c, x), start = list(a = 2, b = 3, c = 10), >>>> : >>>> step factor 0.000488281 reduced below 'minFactor' of 0.000976562 >>>> >>>> strange error, but unrelated to my question. will figure this one out >>>> next. >>> >>> I get no error. May be difficult to sort out unless you can reproduce after >>> setting a random seed. >>> >>>> x=1:20 >>>> y= 2+3*ifelse(x>10, 10, x)+rnorm(20,0,0.01) >>>> r1= nls( y~ a+b*pmin(c,x), start=list(a=2, b=3, c=10), trace=TRUE ) >>> 0.001560045 : 2 3 10 >>> 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 >>> 0.001161253 : 2.003824 2.998973 10.000388 >>> >>> -- >>> David. >>> >>>> >>>> regards, >>>> >>>> /iaw >>>> >>>> >>>> On Tue, May 4, 2010 at 3:40 PM, David Winsemius <[hidden email]> >>>> wrote: >>>>> >>>>> On May 4, 2010, at 3:33 PM, ivo welch wrote: >>>>> >>>>>> Dear R experts---I would like to estimate a non-linear least squares >>>>>> expression that looks something like >>>>>> >>>>>> y ~ a+b*min(c,x) >>>>>> >>>>>> where a, b, and c are the three parameters. how do I define a min >>>>>> function in the formula language of R? advice appreciated. >>>>> >>>>> ?pmin >>>>> >>>>>> >>>>>> sincerely, >>>>>> >>>>>> /iaw >>>>>> >>>>>> ______________________________________________ >>>>>> [hidden email] mailing list >>>>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help >>>>>> PLEASE do read the posting guide >>>>>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html >>>>>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. >>>>> >>>>> David Winsemius, MD >>>>> West Hartford, CT >>>>> >>>>> >>> >>> David Winsemius, MD >>> West Hartford, CT >>> >>> >> >> ______________________________________________ >> [hidden email] mailing list >> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help >> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html >> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. >> > ______________________________________________ [hidden email] mailing list https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code. |
Free forum by Nabble | Edit this page |