

On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 4:48 PM, Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]> wrote:
> Dear all,
> Given:
> a < 2
> b < 3
>
> I'd like to obtain the following function:
> f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
>
> but when I do this:
> f < function(x) a + b*x
> ##f
> ##function(x) a + b*x
>
> the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
> could I do that?
>
I found one solution:
a < 2
b < 3
f < eval(parse(text=paste("function(z)", a, "+ z * ", b)))
f
##function(z) 2 + z * 3
but I still have nightmares from:
> fortune("parse")
If the answer is parse() you should usually rethink the question.
 Thomas Lumley
Rhelp (February 2005)
Is there a nicer way to approach this? Thanks,
Liviu

Do you know how to read?
http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfmhttp://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreaderDo you know how to write?
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HI,
Not sure I understand your question:
a < 2
b < 3
f1< function(x) a+b*x
f1(2)
#[1] 8
f1(3)
#[1] 11
f< function(x) 2+3*x
f(2)
#[1] 8
f(3)
#[1] 11
A.K.
sessionInfo()
R version 3.0.0 (20130403)
Platform: x86_64unknownlinuxgnu (64bit)
locale:
[1] LC_CTYPE=en_CA.UTF8 LC_NUMERIC=C
[3] LC_TIME=en_CA.UTF8 LC_COLLATE=en_CA.UTF8
[5] LC_MONETARY=en_CA.UTF8 LC_MESSAGES=en_CA.UTF8
[7] LC_PAPER=C LC_NAME=C
[9] LC_ADDRESS=C LC_TELEPHONE=C
[11] LC_MEASUREMENT=en_CA.UTF8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=C
attached base packages:
[1] stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base
other attached packages:
[1] arrayhelpers_0.7620120816 abind_1.40
[3] plyr_1.8 stringr_0.6.2
[5] reshape2_1.2.2
loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
[1] tools_3.0.0
 Original Message 
From: Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]>
To: " [hidden email] Help" < [hidden email]>
Cc:
Sent: Thursday, June 6, 2013 10:48 AM
Subject: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
Dear all,
Given:
a < 2
b < 3
I'd like to obtain the following function:
f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
but when I do this:
f < function(x) a + b*x
##f
##function(x) a + b*x
the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
could I do that?
Thanks,
Liviu

Do you know how to read?
http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfmhttp://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreaderDo you know how to write?
http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
______________________________________________
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On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 5:03 PM, arun < [hidden email]> wrote:
> HI,
> Not sure I understand your question:
> a < 2
> b < 3
> f1< function(x) a+b*x
>
I don't want the function to depend on the objects a and b, but
instead use the values of those objects (I do this within a function).
Liviu
> f1(2)
> #[1] 8
> f1(3)
> #[1] 11
> f< function(x) 2+3*x
> f(2)
> #[1] 8
> f(3)
> #[1] 11
>
>
> A.K.
>
> sessionInfo()
> R version 3.0.0 (20130403)
> Platform: x86_64unknownlinuxgnu (64bit)
>
> locale:
> [1] LC_CTYPE=en_CA.UTF8 LC_NUMERIC=C
> [3] LC_TIME=en_CA.UTF8 LC_COLLATE=en_CA.UTF8
> [5] LC_MONETARY=en_CA.UTF8 LC_MESSAGES=en_CA.UTF8
> [7] LC_PAPER=C LC_NAME=C
> [9] LC_ADDRESS=C LC_TELEPHONE=C
> [11] LC_MEASUREMENT=en_CA.UTF8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=C
>
> attached base packages:
> [1] stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base
>
> other attached packages:
> [1] arrayhelpers_0.7620120816 abind_1.40
> [3] plyr_1.8 stringr_0.6.2
> [5] reshape2_1.2.2
>
> loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
> [1] tools_3.0.0
>
>
>  Original Message 
> From: Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]>
> To: " [hidden email] Help" < [hidden email]>
> Cc:
> Sent: Thursday, June 6, 2013 10:48 AM
> Subject: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
>
> Dear all,
> Given:
> a < 2
> b < 3
>
> I'd like to obtain the following function:
> f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
>
> but when I do this:
> f < function(x) a + b*x
> ##f
> ##function(x) a + b*x
>
> the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
> could I do that?
>
> Thanks,
> Liviu
>
>
> 
> Do you know how to read?
> http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> Do you know how to write?
> http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email>
> ______________________________________________
> [hidden email] mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html> and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
>

Do you know how to read?
http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfmhttp://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreaderDo you know how to write?
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Hi,
I am not sure what you are looking for. Here are some examples:
foo < function(a,b,x) a + b*x
> foo
function(a,b,x) a + b*x
a < 2
b < 3
x < 0:10
> foo(a,b,x)
[1] 2 5 8 11 14 17 20 23 26 29 32
Or
library(polynom)
p1 < polynomial(c(a,b))
> p1
2 + 3*x
f1 < as.function(p1)
> f1(x)
[1] 2 5 8 11 14 17 20 23 26 29 32
Regards,
Pascal
2013/6/6 Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]>
[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
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https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.


Try the following:
generateABFunction < function(a, b) {
force(a)
force(b)
function(x) a*x + b
}
f12 < generateABFunction(1, 2)
f53 < generateABFunction(5,6)
f12(10:12) # get 12, 13, 14
f53(10:12) # get 56, 61, 66
See, e.g., yesterday's discussion under the subject
"Trying to build up functions with its names by means of lapply"
on why the force() calls are required. Read up on R's environments
to see why f12 and f53 look the same but act differently (hint:
look at ls.str(environment(f12))).
Bill Dunlap
Spotfire, TIBCO Software
wdunlap tibco.com
> Original Message
> From: [hidden email] [mailto: [hidden email]] On Behalf
> Of Liviu Andronic
> Sent: Thursday, June 06, 2013 8:00 AM
> To: [hidden email] Help
> Subject: Re: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
>
> On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 4:48 PM, Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]> wrote:
> > Dear all,
> > Given:
> > a < 2
> > b < 3
> >
> > I'd like to obtain the following function:
> > f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
> >
> > but when I do this:
> > f < function(x) a + b*x
> > ##f
> > ##function(x) a + b*x
> >
> > the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
> > could I do that?
> >
> I found one solution:
> a < 2
> b < 3
> f < eval(parse(text=paste("function(z)", a, "+ z * ", b)))
> f
> ##function(z) 2 + z * 3
>
> but I still have nightmares from:
> > fortune("parse")
>
> If the answer is parse() you should usually rethink the question.
>  Thomas Lumley
> Rhelp (February 2005)
>
> Is there a nicer way to approach this? Thanks,
> Liviu
>
>
> > Thanks,
> > Liviu
> >
> >
> > 
> > Do you know how to read?
> > http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> > http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> > Do you know how to write?
> > http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email>
>
>
> 
> Do you know how to read?
> http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> Do you know how to write?
> http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email>
> ______________________________________________
> [hidden email] mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html> and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.


hi bill: I understand what you're doing but, atleast for this case, I
checked and you don't need the force this one. it works without it. so, I
think the force requirement applies only when you're building them up with
the lapply. but definitely I'm opened to clarification. thanks.
On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 11:36 AM, William Dunlap < [hidden email]> wrote:
> Try the following:
> generateABFunction < function(a, b) {
> force(a)
> force(b)
> function(x) a*x + b
> }
> f12 < generateABFunction(1, 2)
> f53 < generateABFunction(5,6)
> f12(10:12) # get 12, 13, 14
> f53(10:12) # get 56, 61, 66
>
> See, e.g., yesterday's discussion under the subject
> "Trying to build up functions with its names by means of lapply"
> on why the force() calls are required. Read up on R's environments
> to see why f12 and f53 look the same but act differently (hint:
> look at ls.str(environment(f12))).
>
> Bill Dunlap
> Spotfire, TIBCO Software
> wdunlap tibco.com
>
>
> > Original Message
> > From: [hidden email] [mailto: [hidden email]]
> On Behalf
> > Of Liviu Andronic
> > Sent: Thursday, June 06, 2013 8:00 AM
> > To: [hidden email] Help
> > Subject: Re: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
> >
> > On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 4:48 PM, Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]>
> wrote:
> > > Dear all,
> > > Given:
> > > a < 2
> > > b < 3
> > >
> > > I'd like to obtain the following function:
> > > f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
> > >
> > > but when I do this:
> > > f < function(x) a + b*x
> > > ##f
> > > ##function(x) a + b*x
> > >
> > > the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
> > > could I do that?
> > >
> > I found one solution:
> > a < 2
> > b < 3
> > f < eval(parse(text=paste("function(z)", a, "+ z * ", b)))
> > f
> > ##function(z) 2 + z * 3
> >
> > but I still have nightmares from:
> > > fortune("parse")
> >
> > If the answer is parse() you should usually rethink the question.
> >  Thomas Lumley
> > Rhelp (February 2005)
> >
> > Is there a nicer way to approach this? Thanks,
> > Liviu
> >
> >
> > > Thanks,
> > > Liviu
> > >
> > >
> > > 
> > > Do you know how to read?
> > > http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> > > http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> > > Do you know how to write?
> > > http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email> >
> >
> >
> > 
> > Do you know how to read?
> > http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> > http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> > Do you know how to write?
> > http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email> >
> > ______________________________________________
> > [hidden email] mailing list
> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp> > PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html> > and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
>
> ______________________________________________
> [hidden email] mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html> and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
>
[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.


I said the force was 'required' in the sense that without it
the function will fail to do what you want in some situations.
It doesn't make sense to write a function that you know will
fail sometimes when you know an easy way to make it work
in all situations.
Bill Dunlap
Spotfire, TIBCO Software
wdunlap tibco.com
From: Mark Leeds [mailto: [hidden email]]
Sent: Thursday, June 06, 2013 8:57 AM
To: William Dunlap
Cc: Liviu Andronic; [hidden email] Help
Subject: Re: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
hi bill: I understand what you're doing but, atleast for this case, I checked and you don't need the force this one. it works without it. so, I think the force requirement applies only when you're building them up with the lapply. but definitely I'm opened to clarification. thanks.
On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 11:36 AM, William Dunlap < [hidden email]<mailto: [hidden email]>> wrote:
Try the following:
generateABFunction < function(a, b) {
force(a)
force(b)
function(x) a*x + b
}
f12 < generateABFunction(1, 2)
f53 < generateABFunction(5,6)
f12(10:12) # get 12, 13, 14
f53(10:12) # get 56, 61, 66
See, e.g., yesterday's discussion under the subject
"Trying to build up functions with its names by means of lapply"
on why the force() calls are required. Read up on R's environments
to see why f12 and f53 look the same but act differently (hint:
look at ls.str(environment(f12))).
Bill Dunlap
Spotfire, TIBCO Software
wdunlap tibco.com< http://tibco.com>
> Original Message
> From: [hidden email]<mailto: [hidden email]> [mailto: [hidden email]<mailto: [hidden email]>] On Behalf
> Of Liviu Andronic
> Sent: Thursday, June 06, 2013 8:00 AM
> To: [hidden email]<mailto: [hidden email]> Help
> Subject: Re: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
>
> On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 4:48 PM, Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]<mailto: [hidden email]>> wrote:
> > Dear all,
> > Given:
> > a < 2
> > b < 3
> >
> > I'd like to obtain the following function:
> > f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
> >
> > but when I do this:
> > f < function(x) a + b*x
> > ##f
> > ##function(x) a + b*x
> >
> > the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
> > could I do that?
> >
> I found one solution:
> a < 2
> b < 3
> f < eval(parse(text=paste("function(z)", a, "+ z * ", b)))
> f
> ##function(z) 2 + z * 3
>
> but I still have nightmares from:
> > fortune("parse")
>
> If the answer is parse() you should usually rethink the question.
>  Thomas Lumley
> Rhelp (February 2005)
>
> Is there a nicer way to approach this? Thanks,
> Liviu
>
>
> > Thanks,
> > Liviu
> >
> >
> > 
> > Do you know how to read?
> > http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> > http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> > Do you know how to write?
> > http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email>
>
>
> 
> Do you know how to read?
> http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> Do you know how to write?
> http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email>
> ______________________________________________
> [hidden email]<mailto: [hidden email]> mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html> and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
______________________________________________
[hidden email]<mailto: [hidden email]> mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.


gotcha. thanks.
On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 12:05 PM, William Dunlap < [hidden email]> wrote:
> I said the force was 'required' in the sense that without it****
>
> the function will fail to do what you want in some situations.****
>
> It doesn't make sense to write a function that you know will****
>
> fail sometimes when you know an easy way to make it work****
>
> in all situations.****
>
> ** **
>
> Bill Dunlap****
>
> Spotfire, TIBCO Software****
>
> wdunlap tibco.com****
>
> ** **
>
> *From:* Mark Leeds [mailto: [hidden email]]
> *Sent:* Thursday, June 06, 2013 8:57 AM
> *To:* William Dunlap
> *Cc:* Liviu Andronic; [hidden email] Help
> *Subject:* Re: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants****
>
> ** **
>
> hi bill: I understand what you're doing but, atleast for this case, I
> checked and you don't need the force this one. it works without it. so, I
> think the force requirement applies only when you're building them up with
> the lapply. but definitely I'm opened to clarification. thanks.****
>
>
>
> ****
>
> ** **
>
> On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 11:36 AM, William Dunlap < [hidden email]> wrote:
> ****
>
> Try the following:
> generateABFunction < function(a, b) {
> force(a)
> force(b)
> function(x) a*x + b
> }
> f12 < generateABFunction(1, 2)
> f53 < generateABFunction(5,6)
> f12(10:12) # get 12, 13, 14
> f53(10:12) # get 56, 61, 66
>
> See, e.g., yesterday's discussion under the subject
> "Trying to build up functions with its names by means of lapply"
> on why the force() calls are required. Read up on R's environments
> to see why f12 and f53 look the same but act differently (hint:
> look at ls.str(environment(f12))).
>
> Bill Dunlap
> Spotfire, TIBCO Software
> wdunlap tibco.com****
>
>
>
> > Original Message
> > From: [hidden email] [mailto: [hidden email]]
> On Behalf
> > Of Liviu Andronic
> > Sent: Thursday, June 06, 2013 8:00 AM
> > To: [hidden email] Help
> > Subject: Re: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
> >
> > On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 4:48 PM, Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]>
> wrote:
> > > Dear all,
> > > Given:
> > > a < 2
> > > b < 3
> > >
> > > I'd like to obtain the following function:
> > > f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
> > >
> > > but when I do this:
> > > f < function(x) a + b*x
> > > ##f
> > > ##function(x) a + b*x
> > >
> > > the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
> > > could I do that?
> > >
> > I found one solution:
> > a < 2
> > b < 3
> > f < eval(parse(text=paste("function(z)", a, "+ z * ", b)))
> > f
> > ##function(z) 2 + z * 3
> >
> > but I still have nightmares from:
> > > fortune("parse")
> >
> > If the answer is parse() you should usually rethink the question.
> >  Thomas Lumley
> > Rhelp (February 2005)
> >
> > Is there a nicer way to approach this? Thanks,
> > Liviu
> >
> >
> > > Thanks,
> > > Liviu
> > >
> > >
> > > 
> > > Do you know how to read?
> > > http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> > > http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> > > Do you know how to write?
> > > http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email> >
> >
> >
> > 
> > Do you know how to read?
> > http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm> > http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader> > Do you know how to write?
> > http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email> >
> > ______________________________________________
> > [hidden email] mailing list
> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp> > PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html> > and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.
>
> ______________________________________________
> [hidden email] mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html> and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.****
>
> ** **
>
[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.


On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 9:05 AM, William Dunlap < [hidden email]> wrote:
>
> I said the force was 'required' in the sense that without it
> the function will fail to do what you want in some situations.
With the Force on your side, functions always do what you want.
>
> Bill Dunlap
> Spotfire, TIBCO Software
> wdunlap tibco.com
______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.


Dear Bill,
On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 5:36 PM, William Dunlap < [hidden email]> wrote:
> Try the following:
> generateABFunction < function(a, b) {
> force(a)
> force(b)
> function(x) a*x + b
> }
> f12 < generateABFunction(1, 2)
> f53 < generateABFunction(5,6)
> f12(10:12) # get 12, 13, 14
> f53(10:12) # get 56, 61, 66
>
> See, e.g., yesterday's discussion under the subject
> "Trying to build up functions with its names by means of lapply"
> on why the force() calls are required. Read up on R's environments
> to see why f12 and f53 look the same but act differently (hint:
> look at ls.str(environment(f12))).
>
This is exactly what I was trying to do. Thank you for the explanations,
Liviu
> Bill Dunlap
> Spotfire, TIBCO Software
> wdunlap tibco.com
>
>
>> Original Message
>> From: [hidden email] [mailto: [hidden email]] On Behalf
>> Of Liviu Andronic
>> Sent: Thursday, June 06, 2013 8:00 AM
>> To: [hidden email] Help
>> Subject: Re: [R] generate simple function with predefined constants
>>
>> On Thu, Jun 6, 2013 at 4:48 PM, Liviu Andronic < [hidden email]> wrote:
>> > Dear all,
>> > Given:
>> > a < 2
>> > b < 3
>> >
>> > I'd like to obtain the following function:
>> > f < function(x) 2 + 3*x
>> >
>> > but when I do this:
>> > f < function(x) a + b*x
>> > ##f
>> > ##function(x) a + b*x
>> >
>> > the 'a' and 'b' objects do not get evaluated to their constants. How
>> > could I do that?
>> >
>> I found one solution:
>> a < 2
>> b < 3
>> f < eval(parse(text=paste("function(z)", a, "+ z * ", b)))
>> f
>> ##function(z) 2 + z * 3
>>
>> but I still have nightmares from:
>> > fortune("parse")
>>
>> If the answer is parse() you should usually rethink the question.
>>  Thomas Lumley
>> Rhelp (February 2005)
>>
>> Is there a nicer way to approach this? Thanks,
>> Liviu
>>
>>
>> > Thanks,
>> > Liviu
>> >
>> >
>> > 
>> > Do you know how to read?
>> > http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm>> > http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader>> > Do you know how to write?
>> > http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email>>
>>
>>
>> 
>> Do you know how to read?
>> http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfm>> http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreader>> Do you know how to write?
>> http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email>>
>> ______________________________________________
>> [hidden email] mailing list
>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelp>> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.html>> and provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.

Do you know how to read?
http://www.alienetworks.com/srtest.cfmhttp://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4dict#speedreaderDo you know how to write?
http://garbl.home.comcast.net/~garbl/stylemanual/e.htm#email______________________________________________
[hidden email] mailing list
https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/rhelpPLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.Rproject.org/postingguide.htmland provide commented, minimal, selfcontained, reproducible code.

